Saturday, October 14, 2017

Eymp 3

EYMP 3 This will fit into Core 3. 3 Welfare requirements are a set of legal requirements bought in, in September 2008 as set out in the EYES. These are compulsory for all providers and are split into 5 categories: safeguarding; the suitability of adults who have contact with children; promoting good health; to manage behaviour; and information and complaints. Safeguarding Every setting must have policies and procedures set out to safeguard children. This must include an explanation of how to report any concerns you may have regarding the safety of children.

There must be a designated practitioner who takes esponsibility for safeguarding in every setting. At my work setting the designated person is the on-site social worker and they are responsible for liaising with local statutory children''s services agencies as well as the Local Safeguarding Children board. It is also their responsibility to train all staff so that they fully understand the safeguarding policy and can implement it in their everyday work. This will help staff to identify signs of possible abuse or neglect as soon as possible.

This may include: unexplained bruising, a change in their well-being or changes in the child''s behaviour. Providers have a responsibility to notify statutory agencies of any concern relating to children''s welfare and must also notify Ofsted within 14 days of any allegations of harm or abuse by anyone working, living or looking after children. Suitability of adults who have contact with children It is the provider''s responsibility to ensure that any person who is likely to have regular contact with children is suitable and safe to do so.

At my setting, the Centre Leadership Team will carry out checks to ensure managers and all staff and volunteers have enhanced criminal records disclosures as well as staff who work on he premises who are not in direct contact with children. Members of staff and volunteers are unable to start employment/voluntary work until all checks, references and disclosures are obtained. If a member of staff is disqualified from working with children, Ofsted must be notified within 14 days with the details of the disqualification. All practitioners must not be under the influence of alcohol or any other substances while caring for children.

Staff medication must be stored in a secure place, out of the reach of children and medical advise must be sought in the vent of practitioners taking medication that could affect their ability to practice safely. The Director of the Centre must be notified if an employee is identified as having a substance abuse related issue. It would be the employees Line Manager as well as the Directors role to counsel and encourage the employee to seek assistance. If the employee refuses to acknowledge the problem, it may be appropriate to take disciplinary action.

Providers must ensure that all new staff have a full induction to help them understand their roles, responsibilities, policies and procedures. It is my conduct their monthly supervision sessions. During these sessions staff have the opportunity to discuss any issues and receive coaching to improve their personal effectiveness. During the induction process, the new member of staff will have a tour of the premises and meet key member of staff within the organisation. Promoting good health Providers must promote good health in children.

Staff must ensure that necessary steps are taken to prevent the spread of infection and be able to take appropriate action when a child is ill. Staff at my setting are informed of procedures regarding the spread of infectious diseases and of good hygiene practice during their induction eriod. My work setting is cleaned on a daily basis and toys and equipment are regularly sterilised. There is a no smoking policy throughout the setting. If a child becomes unwell in my setting, their family worker will stay with them while their parents/carers are contacted.

If the child has an infectious illness we will refer to the Infections in Children documentation to determine the appropriate action to take. If there is a frequent occurrence of an infection all parents in the setting will be notified. At my setting the children are encouraged to make healthy choices when it comes to snack and meal times. Snacks are a variety of fruit and vegetables, and food that is low is salt, sugar, saturated fats and artificial additives. Lunch is freshly prepared on the premises and children are encouraged to try new foods.

All staff preparing food and drink hold a current Food Hygiene Certificate. If a child is prescribed medication, written consent must be obtained from the child''s parent. When administering the medication, a medication form must be completed. The form must be signed by the person who is giving the medication, a witness, the parent and a senior member of staff. Any medication left on the premises must be stored ecurely with the child''s name and date of birth displayed clearly on it. There is a first aid box in every room of my setting with a named person in each area responsible for keeping the contents replenished.

If a child or adult has an accident a qualified first aider will be called and the situation assessed. Minor injuries will be dealt with on site and parents will be informed of the accident when the child is collected. If the accident is life threatening, the emergency services will be called and the parents/ carers informed immediately. All accidents involving children must be recorded on a Pupil Accident Record Form that are available throughout my setting. Workers will review and Accident Forms on a daily basis to assess whether ant further action is required such as reviewing risk assessments.

In the case of serious injury, the Director of the Centre, Ofsted and the County Council Health and Safety Officer must be informed and a full risk assessment carried out. To manage behaviour A behaviour management policy is in place at my setting to support adults to support children in times of conflict. The designated person responsible for this policy is a deputy head of the centre. It is their responsibility to advise staff on behaviour issues and offer strategies for supporting children in the setting.

Workers employed in the setting must not use any kind of physical punishment, nor threaten to use it. Parents regarding behaviour and an explanation of the incident will be given whilst maintaining confidentiality. Information and complaints It is important to maintain records to ensure the effective management of the setting. My setting enables regular two-way communication with parents and other providers and understands the importance of parents and carers comments in their children''s iles. Parents can access any records regarding their child at any time.

Parents also have the right to access any setting policies and how the EYES is being delivered. Records must be easily accessible and available with confidential information being held securely with access only granted to those with the right or need to see them. Children''s personal information such as addresses and emergency contacts must be regularly checked and updated as well as information regarding parental responsibility. Every provider must have a complaints procedure in place and all omplaints must be stored as well as their outcomes.

At my setting complainants are asked initially to speak with a senior member of staff in relation to their area of complaint. Complaints will be investigated quickly and thoroughly. If the complaint is an allegation against a member of staff, the complaint will be referred directly to the Director of the Centre. The Safeguarding leads are the senior members of staff with responsibility for working in accordance with the ''Guidance for Working Together to Safeguard Children (August 2013). '' All complaints will be recorded on the ''Record of Complaints'' form.

If the complainant is not satisfied from the initial conversation they may contact the Chair of Governors and/or Ofsted. A full investigation of the complaint will be undertaken by the Chair of Governors or the Deputy Head of Centre and all details will be dated and recorded. If the complainant if still not satisfied they have the right of appeal to a Review Panel. 3. 1 There are six aspects of health to consider when promoting positive health and well- being for children. Physical health. This is the physical function of the body.

Children need to have the opportunity to have real life play involving physical activity. Regular exercise helps to develop a child''s self-esteem and will help children learn to interact with others. Children must have also have a balanced and nutritious diet Emotional health. This is the child''s ability to express their feelings and their ability to adapt to new or challenging situations. Children need to feel loved and supported in order to be emotionally and socially healthy. To be emotionally healthy, children also need to feel safe. Mental health.

This is a child''s ability to organize their thoughts coherently. Children require a good sleep pattern to be able to function. Social health. This is how a child can relate to others and their ability to form relationships. It is important for a child to be supported in order for them to form attachments. religious beliefs. Spiritual health. This concerns a child''s Environmental health. The environment where a child belongs directly affects a child''s health. For example, with a child living in poverty, it is hard to maintain healthiness.

Their environment must be clean and hygienic with the There are many health professionals that have an input into a child''s health and development. They are able to provide general advice and also specific professional guidance. To best meet the needs of the child it is important that all health professionals work together and signpost to each other to help families achieve the best outcomes. General practitioners (GPs) are usually a familys first point of contact. They are family doctors who work in the local community. It is a GPs responsibility to refer families to hospitals and specialists when needed.

Health Visitors are qualified nurses or midwives that have experience in children''s health. They have a responsibility for the health and development of children under the age of 5. It is their roles to give advise and practical assistance in the home such as eeding in babies and establishing sleep patterns. Paediatricians are doctors based in hospitals that specialize in children''s health. If a child has a medical condition it is usually a paediatrician who will diagnose this and provide advice and information regarding the condition.

Speech and language therapists are health professionals specializing in communication development and delays. They provide assessments of communication difficulties and advise and support. Occupational therapists are health professionals that help children who have difficulties in carrying out daily activities to improve their developmental function. They do this by using specialist equipment and therapeutic techniques. They work closely with parents to develop routines that can also be carried out in the home by parents.

Educational psychologists are qualified teachers who are also trained in psychology. They help children and young people who are experiencing difficulties in understanding and communicating with others. They use observations and interviews to create a program that will assist the child in enhancing their learning. 5. It is important that a child has a healthy diet that is varied and has enough nutrients to give energy and help them grow. At my setting we have a healthy eating policy that promotes healthy choices for children to choose nutrient rich, low fat, salt, sugar and artificial additive free food.

Nutrient intake is usually spread throughout the day at breakfast, lunch, dinner and snack times. Recommended intake of nutrients differ greatly according to the age and sex of each individual and so a balanced meal for a 5 year old is not necessarily a balanced meal for a 2 year old. Foods can be split into 5 groups according to the nutrients that they provide. To maintain a healthy diet, the government guidelines recommend food from each of these groups should be eaten n a daily basis. Carbohydrates are starchy foods used to provide energy.

This should be included as a part of every mealtime. Examples of carbohydrates are bread, pasta, potatoes, cereals and rice. Wholegrain varieties of this food group would be preferable as it increases a child''s fibre intake although children between the ages of 1 and 4 would benefit from a mixture of white and wholegrain varieties so they don''t exceed their daily fibre limits. Bran should be avoided in the diet children as it can interfere with the absorption of calcium and iron into the body. Fruit and vegetables re full of vitamins, minerals and fibre.

These are needed to maintain good health. A healthy diet would consist of 5 portions of fruit and vegetables throughout the day. Vegetables are most rich in nutrients when they are raw as the cooking process destroys vitamin content. Children who are reluctant to eat fruit or vegetables can in a meal of spaghetti bolognaise, mushrooms and courgettes etc can be added to food without having to necessarily taste them. Milk and dairy foods are needed to provide and store energy. Children should be having a minimum of half a pint of whole milk per day from the age of one.

This provides the body with vitamin A and D, which helps the immune system, and also helps develop strong teeth and bones. A child who cannot consume this level of milk can raise their calcium intake by eating cheese, yoghurts etc. Meat, fish and alternatives provide protein and iron to a child''s diet. Examples of these foods are meat, fish, eggs, nuts and pulses. Meat substitutes made from pulses such as soya mince and hummus also provide protein and iron for children who may not eat meat. Processed meat offers considerably less nutrients and so should be avoided.

Children should be given food from this food group once r twice each day. Whole nuts should not be offered to children under 5 as they are a choking hazard. Although ground nuts or peanut butter is fine for a child to eat, care should be taken with regards to allergies. Fatty and sugary foods are high energy and lack nutrients. While fats and oils can be found in the other food groups such as the fat in meat, food from this food group should be limited and should not replace food from other groups. Examples of this food group include biscuits, chocolate, crisps and cakes.

Healthy snacks for children should be low in sugar and full of utrients. These can include raw fruit or vegetables, toast, crumpets, yoghurts and cereals. Mashed banana, or cooked vegetables, pieces of soft fruit and cereals such as baby rice are suitable foods for children under the age of one. Children should avoid eating dried fruit as a snack as it contains concentrated sugars that can cause tooth decay. At my setting, children sit at a table together during snack time and lunchtime with familiar adults supporting them.

Food is freshly prepared and cooked onsite on a daily basis. It is important that children stay hydrated and the Food Standards Agency advises that children should be offered a minimum of 6 cups per day. This should be water or milk. Sweetened Juices and squashes are not recommended as they can cause tooth decay. No added sugar alternatives also contain artificial sweeteners and should also be avoided. Drinking water and milk are available for children throughout the day at nursery. An example of a healthy, balanced diet for a three year old child.

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Break-fast 100g porridge with full fat milk, 40g blueberries 25g rice crispies with 100ml full fat milk, 25g dried apricots 1 weetabix with 100ml full at milk, 40g mixed berries A slice of wholemeal bread with spread and 1 hard boiled egg 25g corn flakes with 100ml full fat milk, 25g raisins Half a banana, 2 rice cakes, 40g melon 40g hummus, low salt mini breadsticks, h pear Mini pancakes with berries Apple slices, pear slices and natural yoghurt A slice of toast with spread, banana, strawberries Lunch Jacket potato, cheese, beans, natural yoghurt, berries Chicken and vegetable couscous salad 1 50g, Rice pudding with strawberries Salmon and broccoli pasta bake 200g, sweetcorn 40g, blueberry muffin Chicken fajitas with salad, rice pudding with sultanas

Mixed bean casserole with roasted vegetables 200g, fresh fruit salad, yoghurt Snacks Fruit scones, spread, mixed berries Toasted bagel, strawberries, melon Pitta bread, hummus, carrot and celery sticks Cubes of cheddar cheese, cherry tomatoes, wheat crackers Cream crackers, 20g0soft cheese, cucumber and carrot sticks Dinner Tuna and pasta wholemeal pasta 200g with 3 cherry tomatoes, fruit salad 40g Shepherds Pie 200g with carrots and broccoli, fruit flan Chicken korma with brown rice, grapes, mandarin segments Beef Bolognaise with spaghetti 200g, Half a banana with custard Roasted chicken, ew potatoes, green beans, apple crumble 5. 2 It is important to follow carers'' instructions in respect of their child''s food allergies or intolerances, as it is your responsibility to ensure that the child is safe in your care. You must be well informed on the required action you would need to take in the event of an allergy and be confident in what was required of you.

You must be able to tell the signs that the child may show of a reaction and also the best course of treatment to give. At my setting each child has a family worker who would go on an initial home visit prior to the child starting nursery. It is during this visit that they would fill in paper work relating to allergies, religious beliefs and special dietary requirements. Every child with extra dietary requirements/allergies have a poster displayed clearly in food preparation areas with the child''s photo, a description of their requirements and their family workers name. This is so, in the case of a severe allergy, all staff are aware of who the child is and who to contact in an emergency.

A food allergy is where the bodies immune system sees the food as harmful. 90 percent of food allergic reactions are from 8 certain foods, milk being the most ommon. These are: peanuts, soy, tree nuts, wheat, milk, shellfish, eggs and fish. Reactions that can occur include: vomiting, hives, difficulty in breathing and cramps. Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that develops quickly and can cause death. Food, medication or insect stings can cause this to occur. It is important to act fast in to have an allergy they may have been prescribed an Epipen of adrenalin that would need to be administered immediately. Food intolerances is much more common than allergies and tend to be much slower in reaction time.

Some people have an adverse eaction to a food if they eat too much of it. Symptoms of food intolerance can include rashes, bloating, fatigue and vomiting. Children with food intolerances should always have the food removed from their diet. 5. 3 Different cultural and religious groups all have different dietary requirements. Understanding the role of food in cultural and religious practice is an important part of showing respect and responding to the needs of children from a range of religious communities. For example some Christians will not eat meat on a Friday. It is important to be aware of these requirements when planning meals at nursery or uring certain religious celebrations.

Below is a sample of how different cultures and religions use food as part of their beliefs. Vegetarian children do not eat meat or fish and so would lack in having protein in their diet. It would be necessary to find an alternative to ensure that they were still getting the required amount of protein. Alternatives can include, cheese, eggs and pulses. A child who follows a vegan diet would not eat any products that come from an animal for example, meat, eggs and milk. A vegan diet is based purely on fruit, vegetables, cereals, pulses and seeds. Muslim families do not eat pork or meat that has not been killed in a certain way. Wheat and rice form the main basis of their diet.

During Ramadan, Muslims fast between sunrise and sunset and so, although children under 12 are exempt, children over 12 must be supported in this. Wheat is also the main food for Hindus. Orthodox Hindus are strict vegetarians although non-vegetarians will not eat beef as the cow is considered a sacred animal. It is important when planning meals for children that are Hindus that they are not offered beef, as young children may not realize the ignificance of this to their religion yet. Jewish dietary laws state that animals and birds should be killed in a certain way to make them ''kosher''. When working in a nursery this can be difficult to verify this before giving toa child. Jewish are forbidden from eating pork or shellfish and should not eat meat and milk together. 5. A poor or unbalanced diet often leads to different health conditions in children. This can then continue into adulthood and be hard to change. Educating children and adults in effective food management is key to reversing or slowing this trend. Those ith a poor diet can become obese or at the other end of the scale can have a poor growth. This can cause emotional upset as well as physical problems as children can often be bullied for being overweight by their peers. Children who have been diagnosed as overweight or underweight are supported with specially prescribed diets to help them return to a healthy weight. Many children go through a phase of food refusal at some point in their first five years.

This can sometimes be put down to children grazing on snacks throughout the day and so, by meal times they are simply not hungry. To combat this it is best to encourage children to eat small, healthy snacks rather than filling up on biscuits or milk. Some children like to show independence at meal times and will refuse to eat part of their meal purely to gain attention. It is important not to force a child to eat something or punish them in any lead to longer term problems and issues with food. Encouraging children to feed themselves is a good way of helping children to explore new foods and textures. This offers independence in the choice of what they eat from their plate as well as being able to eat at their own pace.

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